A Study on Gluttony

Lord “…Do not incline my heart to any evil thing, to practice wicked works with men who work iniquity; and do not let me eat of their delicacies.”  Psalm 141:4

Definition:  An extravagant indulgence of the appetite for food or an insatiable appetite for extravagant things.


Scripture Reading:  1 Samuel 2:12-17

Gluttony is at times in our society shamed and at other times brought glory - just think about our diet/weight loss industry and then in stark contrast our interest in eating competitions.  In all of things in life we can push the healthy limits of what our bodies need, or even want.  It is when we place those desires/cravings before our desire for God, seeking them to satisfy us instead of where God's word says we should receive our satisfaction, that we get into trouble.  I hope you enjoy the lesson today.  The Word of God is also our Bread of Life, and in that you cannot over-indulge.


Diving In: After reading the scripture referenced above, answer the following questions.

Write below the description verse 12 gives of the sons of Eli?

Compare verses 13 – 16 of 1 Samuel 2 with Leviticus 3:3-5, 14-16.
Looking at the Leviticus references, what was the law according to the use of the fat in a sacrifice?

According to what you read in Leviticus and the actions of the sons of Eli took in the 1 Samuel reference, who is to blame for choosing themselves above God?  The people offering the sacrifice OR The son’s of Eli asking for the fat of the meat to be given them with the raw meat?

In your own words, describe how the actions of the son’s of Eli are an act of gluttony per the definition given above.

According to what you know about God and His word, explain why God sees gluttony as a sin. (Remember gluttony is not just a sin dealing with over-eating, it also deals with over consumption or an extreme appetite for anything.)



Prayer and Scripture Meditation: 

  • Praise Jesus Christ for “In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace which He made to abound toward us in all wisdom and prudence, having made known to us the mystery of His will, according to His good pleasure which He purposed in Himself  (Ephesians 1:7-9). 

  • Ask the Holy Spirit to reveal to, you through the scriptures above and through the additional scriptures I have listed here, ways you struggle with gluttony in your life.  (Additional scriptures:  Colossians 2:16-23, Romans 14:1-4, Hebrews 8:1-13, Hebrews 10:1-10, and Hebrews 10:26-31)

  • Take time to write down the verses that speak to you. 

  • Pray through your written down verses while asking God to restore those areas of your life and the destruction gluttony has caused in them and also ask for guidance in for ways to deal with the gluttony of others in your life. 

  • Then seek God and how He is calling you to start the process of reconciliation and healing both in your life and in your heart regarding gluttony.


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